Territorial Innovation Patterns in Romania. Future Pathways for Smart Specialization

Cristina Șerbănică


This study examines the territorial patterns of innovation in Romania, a country labelled as ‘modest innovator’. Our main assumption is that the large heterogeneity in the sub-national innovation patterns is not captured in the typologies developed for the NUTS2 regions. Consequently, the study proposes a categorization of the Romanian NUTS3 counties according to their innovation performance and structural characteristics, by means of a two-step factor analysis combined with hierarchical cluster analysis.

The results point to the existence of five territorial groupings with similar characteristics: knowledge-intensive hubs, technology-intensive platforms, diversified agglomerations, industrial production zones and structurally challenged regions. Taken together, the results suggest the need to prioritize structural transformation and embrace the broad-based innovation concept.


innovation patterns; structural conditions; innovation policy; smart specialization; Romanian NUTS3.

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.24193/tras.62E.9 Creative Commons License
Transylvanian Review of Administrative Sciences by TRAS is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
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