The Rabbit and the Tortoise. Climate Change Policy Development on the Local Level in Norway and Poland

Jan Erling KLAUSEN, Katarzyna SZMIGIEL-RAWSKA

Abstract


Policy innovation in unitary states relies heavily on the proclivity of local governments to identify and respond to emerging policy chal­lenges. The article contributes by applying a framework for policy innovation normally used in federal systems to a comparative analysis of two unitary states – Poland and Norway. The analy­sis serves to highlight how the effectiveness of horizontal, non-coercive diffusion mechanisms relies on established norms and traditions for local political self-rule. A key finding is that the prospects of success for ‘soft’ central govern­ment steering seem to rely not least on the re­sourcefulness of the local units. The study fur­thermore highlights the importance of historical trajectories for internal as well as external deter­minants for policy innovation.


Keywords


climate change, multilevel governance, local government, comparative policy analysis, policy innovation, Poland, Norway

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.24193/tras.52E.3

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